Geomagnetic storms, substorms, and the aurora

Our aim will be to answer questions such as: What are the northern lights? How are they produced? What is a geomagnetic storm? Can the sun damage our satellites?

Humanity has always been mesmerized by the aurora. But what are they? And how are they produced?

In this project, we will be studying how we can monitor their activity. We will also be taking a look at a hot topic nowadays: space weather, which describes how the sun can affect our technologies.

We will start by learning about the sun: the solar cycle, sun-spots, the solar wind, the interplanetary magnetic field...

From here, we will be moving on to briefly review Earth’s magnetosphere, as well as how substorms work: Kp index, magnetometers, ionospheric currents.

Finally, we will study geomagnetic storms (AE index, Dst index), and we will try to understand the possible consequences that they can have on Earth.

In order to do this, we will be using data from satellites and stations and pictures from all sky cameras taken during sub-storms, as well as during the big geomagnetic storm of October, 2003.


Denne SRP-øvelse foregår på engelsk.

Tidspunkt og tilmelding


Mandag d. 20. november

Og mandag d. 27. november, hvis første dato bliver fyldt op.

Antal deltagere



Åbnes 11. oktober på

Relevante gymnasiefag

Eksperimentelle fag
  • Physics
  • Earth Sciences (Geovidenskab)
Kan kombineres med
  • Physics
  • Earth Sciences (Geovidenskab)
  • Space sciences

Arrangør og adresse

DTU Space, Institut for Rumforskning og -teknologi

DTU Lyngby Campus


Birte Kronbak Andersen
Studie- og uddannelseskoordinator
DTU Space
45 25 38 47