Calanus Hyberboreus. Photo: R Hopcroft

Pyrene toxicity on Arctic key copepod species

Thursday 19 Dec 13
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Torkel Gissel Nielsen
Professor
DTU Aqua
+4535 88 34 94

A new study, published in Ecotoxicology, shows lowered reproductive output, reduced grazing, and reduced ability to metabolize pyrene in the copepod Calanus hyberboreus, which suggest that oil contamination may constitute a risk to energy transfer in the Arctic food web and transfer of pyrene to higher trophic levels.

The copepod Calanus hyperboreus is a key species in the Arctic regions because of its abundance and role in the Arctic food web. Exploitation of the off shore oil reserves along Western Greenland is expected in the near future, and it is important to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of oil emissions to the ecosystem.

A new study shows lowered reproductive output, reduced grazing, and reduced ability to metabolize pyrene  in the copepod Calanus hyberboreus, which suggest that oil contamination may constitute a risk to C. hyperboreus recruitment, energy transfer in the food web and transfer of pyrene to higher trophic levels.

In the study, DTU Aqua-student Rasmus Nørregaard, professorTorkel Gissel Nielsen and colleagues exposed the C. hyperboreus females to concentrations of 0, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 nM pyrene and saturated concentrations measured to ~300 nM.

Daily quantification of egg and faecal pellet production showed significant decreases in the pellet production, while the egg production was unaffected. The hatching success was also unaffected, although the total reproductive output was reduced with increased pyrene concentrations.

Accumulation of pyrene in the copepods was higher in feeding than starving females and only trace amounts of the phase I metabolite 1-hydroxypyrene, were found.

Read scientific article:

“Evaluating pyrene toxicity on Arctic key copepod species Calanus hyperboreus”
By R.D. Nørregaard, T.G. Nielsen, E.F. Møller, J. Strand, L. Espersen, M. Møhl
ln Ecotoxicology,
DOI 10.1007/s10646-013-1160-z